Ovarian Cysts

What is an Ovarian Cyst?

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form within or on the surface of the ovaries. These cysts can range in size – from small to large and develop during a woman’s menstrual cycle. They are common and usually harmless, often resolving independently without causing any symptoms. However, some instances of ovarian cysts can point to other health issues. 

What are the causes of Ovarian Cysts?

Several factors cause ovarian cysts. These include:

Follicle Development

Sometimes, the follicles that release an egg during ovulation may not rupture or release the egg, leading to the formation of follicular cysts.

Functional Cysts

Cysts might form when the follicle doesn’t dissolve after releasing the egg, leading to the development of a corpus luteum cyst.

Endometriosis

Endometriomas, or cysts resulting from endometriosis, occur when endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus and attaches to the ovaries.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Women with PCOS may have numerous small cysts on their ovaries due to hormone imbalances.

What are the symptoms of Ovarian Cysts?

Symptoms of ovarian cysts may include:

Pelvic Pain

Dull or sharp pain in the lower abdomen on the side of the affected ovary.

Bloating or Fullness

A feeling of heaviness in the abdomen due to a larger cyst.

Irregular Menstrual Cycles

Changes in menstrual cycles, including irregular periods or spotting.

Painful Bowel Movements or Urination

Discomfort during bowel movements or urination due to cyst pressure on nearby organs.

Who is at risk of Ovarian Cysts?

Risk factors contributing to ovarian cyst development include:

Age and Reproductive Stage

Women in their childbearing years, especially those who have irregular menstrual cycles, are more prone to cysts.

Hormonal Imbalances

Hormonal irregularities, particularly with estrogen and progesterone, can increase the likelihood of cyst formation.

Endometriosis or PCOS History

Women with a history of endometriosis or PCOS are at a higher risk.

How do you prevent Ovarian Cysts?

Preventive measures may include:

Hormonal Birth Control

Oral contraceptives can regulate hormone levels and prevent the development of functional cysts.

Regular Health Check-ups

Routine gynecological examinations can aid in early detection and management.

How are Ovarian Cysts diagnosed?

Diagnosis involves various methods:

Pelvic Exams

Physical examinations to check for abnormalities or cysts in the ovaries.

Ultrasound Imaging

Using sound waves to create images of the ovaries and detect the presence of cysts.

MRI or CT Scans

Detailed imaging tests to visualize cysts’ size, type, and characteristics.

How are Ovarian Cysts treated?

Treatment options include:

Watchful Waiting

Many cysts, especially smaller ones, resolve on their own without intervention.

Medications

Pain relievers or hormonal contraceptives to manage symptoms or prevent cyst growth.

Surgical Interventions

Cystectomy to remove the cyst while preserving the ovary, or oophorectomy to remove the affected ovary in severe cases.

IntimaV Treatments for Painful Bladder Syndrome

Cystectomy

Cystectomy involves the surgical removal of ovarian cysts while preserving the ovary. This procedure aims to address large or problematic cysts causing pain, discomfort, or affecting fertility, allowing for symptom relief while conserving ovarian function whenever possible.

Oophorectomy

Oophorectomy is a surgical procedure involving the removal of one or both ovaries, commonly performed to manage complex or recurring ovarian cysts. This procedure aims to address severe cyst-related symptoms, prevent cyst recurrence, or treat underlying ovarian conditions, impacting fertility and hormonal balance.