Urge Urinary Incontinence

What is Urge Urinary Incontinence?

Urge urinary incontinence (UUI) is a form of urinary incontinence characterized by a sudden, strong urge to urinate, often followed by an involuntary loss of urine. It can significantly impact a person’s daily activities and quality of life. Urge Urinary Incontinence Treatment is important for managing these symptoms and improving overall quality of life.

What are the causes of Urge Urinary Incontinence (UUI)?

Urge urinary incontinence (UUI) can stem from diverse underlying causes, such as:

Bladder Muscle Overactivity

UUI often results from the overactivity of bladder muscles, causing involuntary contractions or spasms. These sudden, intense contractions create an urgent need to urinate, often leading to urinary leakage due to the inability to control the bladder’s contractions.

Neurological Issues

Disruptions or damage to the intricate nerve pathways controlling bladder function can contribute significantly to UUI. Conditions like multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injuries, stroke, or nerve damage from surgeries can impair nerve signals, resulting in erratic bladder contractions and subsequent involuntary urine leakage.

Bladder Irritants

Various substances, including certain foods, beverages, or medications, can irritate the bladder lining, triggering urgency and incontinence. Acidic foods, caffeinated beverages, spicy cuisine, alcohol, artificial sweeteners, or specific medications can exacerbate UUI symptoms by irritating the bladder, causing heightened urgency and potential leakage.

Hormonal Changes

For some individuals, hormonal fluctuations, particularly in women during menopause, can influence bladder function and contribute to UUI symptoms. Changes in estrogen levels might impact bladder tissue health and elasticity, potentially leading to bladder irritation and increased urinary urgency.

What are the symptoms of Urge Urinary Incontinence (UUI)?

Urge urinary incontinence (UUI) manifests through various distressing symptoms, including:

Sudden Urge

Individuals with UUI experience abrupt and compelling urges to urinate, often challenging to suppress or delay. These sudden urges arise unexpectedly and intensely, creating a pressing need to empty the bladder immediately, regardless of its volume.

Involuntary Leakage

One of the hallmark symptoms of UUI is involuntary urine leakage following the intense urge to urinate. When the urge is experienced, individuals may struggle to reach the restroom in time, leading to unintentional urine leakage, which can be minimal or more substantial, affecting daily activities and confidence.


UUI often causes increased frequency of urination (more than 8 times a day), necessitating more frequent visits to the restroom than usual. Individuals may find themselves needing to urinate multiple times throughout the day, disrupting daily routines and activities. Moreover, this increased frequency extends into the night, disrupting sleep patterns and leading to nocturia.


Nocturia involves waking up multiple times during the night to urinate, a common symptom accompanying UUI. Frequent nighttime awakenings for urination can disrupt sleep cycles, leading to sleep disturbances, fatigue, and reduced daytime alertness.

Anxiety or Emotional Impact

Coping with the unpredictability and inconvenience of UUI symptoms can lead to increased stress, anxiety, or embarrassment. These emotional impacts may affect an individual’s social interactions, confidence, and overall quality of life.

Who are at risk of Urge Urinary Incontinence?

Factors that might increase the risk of UUI include:


More common in older adults due to weakened bladder muscles (urogenital atrophy).


More prevalent in women, especially after menopause.

Certain Medical Conditions

Conditions like diabetes or neurological disorders might increase the risk of developing UUI.

How do you prevent Urge Urinary Incontinence?

Preventive measures for OAB include:

Bladder Training

Scheduled voiding to retrain the bladder.

Avoiding Bladder Irritants

Limiting caffeine, alcohol, and spicy foods.

Maintaining a Healthy Weight

Obesity can contribute to bladder issues.

How is Urge Urinary Incontinence diagnosed?

Diagnosing Overactive Bladder involves various methods:

Medical History & Physical Examination

Discussing symptoms and conducting a physical examination.

Bladder Diary

Recording voiding habits and fluid intake patterns.


Analyzing a urine sample to rule out infections or other issues.

How is Urge Urinary Incontinence treated?

Treatment options for UUI include:

Behavioral Therapies

Bladder training or pelvic floor exercises.


Prescription medications to relax bladder muscles or reduce urgency.

Nerve Stimulation

Techniques like sacral nerve stimulation to control bladder function.

Botulinum Toxin Injection

Injections into the bladder muscle to reduce spasms and urgency.

IntimaV Treatments for Overactive Bladder?

Vestibulodynia Treatment

OTC Medications

OTC medications, such as anticholinergics or antispasmodics, are available to help manage symptoms of overactive bladder. These medications aim to relax bladder muscles, reducing urgency and frequency of urination.

Orgasmic Disorders Treatment

High Intensity Focused Electromagnetic Chair

The electromagnetic chair, a non-invasive therapy, uses electromagnetic fields to stimulate and strengthen pelvic floor muscles. This treatment aims to improve bladder control and reduce symptoms of overactive bladder by enhancing muscle tone.

gynecologist in a treatment center

Biofeedback Treatment

Biofeedback therapy involves sensors and exercises to help individuals gain voluntary control over pelvic muscles (10 to 14 sessions). This technique aims to improve bladder function by teaching relaxation and coordination of pelvic floor muscles, reducing episodes of urgency.

Vaginismus Treatment

Botulinum Toxin Injections

Botulinum toxin injections into the bladder muscle can help control overactive bladder symptoms. This procedure aims to relax an overactive bladder, reducing urinary urgency and frequency by inhibiting nerve signals that trigger bladder contractions.