What are Polyps?

Polyps are abnormal tissue growths that can occur in various parts of the body. Polyps may be round or oval and range in size from a few millimeters (the size of a sesame seed) to a few centimeters (the size of a golf ball) or larger. In gynecology, uterine or cervical polyps are growths that develop on the inner lining of the uterus (endometrial polyps) or on the cervix.

What are the causes of Polyps?

There are several possible causes:

Hormonal Imbalances

Fluctuations in estrogen levels, especially during menstruation, might contribute to their development.

Chronic Inflammation

Ongoing irritation or inflammation of the cervix or endometrium might lead to polyp formation.

Genetic Factors

Some individuals might have a genetic predisposition to developing polyps.

What are the symptoms of Polyps?

Symptoms may include:

Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding

Irregular bleeding between periods, after intercourse, or post-menopause.

Increased Vaginal Discharge

Noticeable discharge that may be watery, bloody, or have an unpleasant odor.

Pelvic Pain or Pressure

Discomfort in the lower abdomen due to larger polyps.

Who is at risk of Polyps?

People at risk of developing this might include:


More common in women during their 40s and 50s.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal fluctuations, particularly during perimenopause.

Chronic Inflammation or Infections

A history of chronic pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or ongoing infections might increase the risk.

How do you prevent Polyps?

Preventive measures might include:

Regular Health Check-ups

Routine gynecological examinations can aid in early detection and management.

Hormonal Balance

Maintaining hormonal balance through a healthy lifestyle and proper medical guidance.

How are Polyps diagnosed?

Diagnosis involves various methods:

Pelvic Exams

Physical examinations to detect abnormalities or growths in the uterus or cervix.

Ultrasound Imaging

Using sound waves to create images and visualize the presence of polyps.


A procedure allowing direct visualization of the uterus using a thin, lighted instrument.

How are Polyps treated?

Treatment options may include:


Polyps can be removed during a simple outpatient procedure called polypectomy.

Hormonal Medications

Hormonal treatments might be prescribed to shrink or prevent the recurrence of polyps.

Surgical Interventions

In some cases, surgical removal might be necessary, especially for larger or multiple polyps.

IntimaV Treatments for Polyps

polyps Treatment


A minimally invasive procedure used to diagnose and remove uterine polyps. This procedure aims to address symptoms such as irregular bleeding or fertility issues associated with uterine polyps, often leading to improved reproductive health.